Principle 2: Confidentiality of the survivor’s identity, whereabouts, and story should be maintained actively at all times.

The maintenance of a survivor’s identity as confidential is key. Reporting, articulating, and speaking out about violence can be a harrowing experience for survivors, who not only handle the emotional labour involved in reporting, but also deal with potential reprisals, intimidation, and stigmatization. A survivor’s decision to share their story is theirs alone, and all caregivers and professionals working with a survivor must prioritize maintenance of their identities as confidential. Anonymizing case history documents using codes or numbers, permitting testifying from behind a screen or blinds or from a separate room or through technology such as video conferencing, and non-disclosure of identity markers to and by the media are all means to ensure confidentiality.